Matthew

Matthew is the first book of the New Testament. It was written in Greek by Matthew whose name means ‘gift of Yahweh’. Matthew was also known as Levi. He was one of the twelve Apostles and before he was a follower of Jesus, he was a tax collector. Matt. 9:9

The book starts off with the genealogy of Jesus Christ connecting him with both Abraham (the father of the Jewish nation – Gen.12:2-3 & 13:15) and King David (whose throne Christ will ultimately sit on. Luke 1:32)

The book starts with who Jesus is, follows through His life, and ends with what we should do.

The book speaks of God’s Kingdom that will be on earth.

The first few chapters speak of Jesus’s birth, how God is His father and Mary is His mother, His early life, and also of His Baptism.

Chapters 4-25 speak of: -

The calling of His Disciples: – Simon called Peter and his brother Andrew (4:18-20), James the son of Zebedee and John his brother (4:21-22), then in 10:2-4 it speaks of all of His disciples.

His teachings:-

The Sermon on the Mount in chapters 5-7

  • The Beatitudes (5:2-12)
  • Salt and Light (5:13-16)
  • Christ came to fulfil the law (5:17-20)
  • Anger (5:21-26)
  • Lust (5:27-30)
  • Divorce (5:31-32)
  • Oaths (5:33-37)
  • Retaliation (5:38-42)
  • Love your enemies (5:43-48)
  • Giving to the needy (6:1-4)
  • The Lord’s prayer (6:5-15)
  • Fasting (6:16-18)
  • Lay-up treasures in heaven (6:19-24)
  • Do not be anxious (6:25-34)
  • Judging others (7:1-6)
  • Ask, and it will be given (7:7-11)
  • The golden rule (7:12-14)
  • A tree and its fruit (7:15-20)
  • I never knew you (7:21-23)
  • Build your house on the rock (7:24-27)
  • The authority of Jesus (7:28-29)

Jesus instructs and sends his disciples: - to preach of the Gospel of God and the good news of the kingdom, to heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, and to raise the dead. (Chapter 9:35–10:42)

Miracles performed by Jesus: -

  • Healing of Peter’s mother (8:14-15)
  • Healing many sick and oppressed (8:16-17)
  • Healing a man with leprosy (8:1-4)
  • Healing a centurion’s servant (8:5-13)
  • Healing let down from the roof (9:1-8)
  • Healing a man with a withered hand (12:9-14)
  • Calms a storm on the sea (8:23-27)
  • Casts demons into a herd of pigs (8:28-33)
  • Heals a woman with an issue of blood (9:20-22)
  • Raises Jairus’ daughter (9:18,23-26)
  • Heals 2 blind men (9:27-31)
  • Heals a mute man(9:32-34)
  • Feeds 5,000 plus women and children (14:13-21)
  • Walks on water (14:22-23)
  • Heals many sick that touch his garment (14:34-36)
  • Heals a Gentile Woman's Demon-Possessed Daughter (15:21-28)
  • Feeds 4,000 plus women and children (15:32-39)
  • Heals a boy with an unclean spirit (17:14-20)
  • Miraculous Temple Tax in a Fish's Mouth (17:24-27)
  • Heals a blind, mute demoniac (12:22-23)
  • Restores site (20:29-34)
  • Withers the Fig Tree on the Road From Bethany (21:18-22)

Parables spoken of by Jesus:- (A parable is basically a short and simple story that illustrates a deep and important message.)

  • The Lamp Under a Basket (5:14-15)
  • The Wise and Foolish Builders (7:24-27)
  • New Cloth on an Old Garment (9:16)
  • New Wine Into Old Wineskins (9:17)
  • The Strong Man (12:29)
  • The Sower (13:3-9)
  • The Tares (13:24-30)
  • The Mustard Seed (13:31-32)
  • The Leaven (13:33)
  • The Hidden Treasure (13:44)
  • The Pearl of Great Price (13:45-46)
  • Drawing in the Net (13:47-50)
  • The Householder (13:52)
  • The Lost Sheep (19:10-14)
  • The Unforgiving Servant (18:23-35)
  • The Workers in the Vineyard (20:1-16)
  • The Two Sons (21:28-32)
  • The Wicked Husbandman (21:33-41)
  • The Great Banquet (22:1-14)
  • The Budding Fig Tree (24:32-35)
  • The Faithful Servant (24:42-51)
  • The Ten Bridesmaids (25:1-13)
  • The Talents (25:14-30)
  • The Sheep and the Goats (25:31-46)

Chapters 24-25, warns us to be ready and watching for Jesus Christ’s return. The signs given in these chapters have been fulfilled and consequently Jesus will soon return.

Chapters 26-28, contain the death and resurrection of Jesus.

Jesus is arrested and brought before the Jewish court, where he is convicted of blasphemy. Caiaphas, the high priest, sends him to Pontius Pilate, the governor of Rome, for a final verdict. The crowd wanted him to be crucified and they all chant, “Let him be crucified!” (27:23)

Three days after his death, Jesus Christ was raised from the dead. The women who went to the tomb saw an angel who told them that Jesus has been resurrected from the dead. (28:7)

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